Updated: 5 days ago
In a post written by NASA, the changes observed in the Earth's climate since the 20th century is fueled by human activity, along with natural processes. The amount of heat trapped has now doubled since 2005, contributing to the progression of global warming.
According to The Washington Post, the Earth is reaching an energy imbalance, a concept that describes how much energy the planet absorbs from the sun and how much it’s able to radiate back out into space. The Earth is currently absorbing more heat than it is losing which—in an interview with Washington Post journalist Tik Root and oceanographer Gregory Johnson— is the equivalent to every human using 20 electric tea kettles at once.
NASA has written an overview of the distinctions between climate change and global warming. Climate change refers to the long-term change in average weather patterns, while global warming specifically looks into the impact of human production/activity that contributes to these extreme changes. Based on NASA's analysis, humans have increased Earth’s global average temperature by about 1 degree Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit), which is currently on the rise to 0.2 degrees Celsius(0.36 degrees Fahrenheit) per decade.
The current levels of heat being trapped could lead to more natural disasters and heat waves. However, the numbers can aid researchers to confirm and understand this trend better.
Here are some helpful tips, from The Natural Resources Defense Council, on how you can reduce global warming:
SPEAK: Talk with friends, families, and representatives about this crisis. This can help spread awareness and allow for the enactment of laws that limit pollution and carbon emissions.
POWER YOUR HOME WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY: Seek a utility company that generates half its power from wind and solar, certified by Green-e Energy. If this is not possible, review your electric bill to find other ways to support renewable sources on their monthly statements and websites.
WEATHERIZE: Since heating and cooling account for almost half of home energy use, make your space more energy efficient by sealing drafts, allowing for proper insulation. You can claim federal tax credits for making these energy-efficiency home improvements.
REDUCE WATER WASTE: Saving water, if it is taking shorter showers or turning it off off while brushing your teeth, can all help reduce carbon pollution. It takes a lot of energy to pump, heat, and treat water.
EAT FOOD YOU BUY, REDUCE AMOUNT OF MEAT: About 10 percent of US energy use goes into growing, processing, and packaging food; 40 percent ending up in landfills. Livestock is the most resource-intensive to produce, which is why it is beneficial to cut back on meat consumption.
BUY BETTER BULBS: Use LED bulbs, they use 80 percent less energy than conventional incandescent bulbs. They are also cheaper with a longer run; with 10-watts it can save you $125 over the lightbulb's life.
PULL THE PLUG: Try to unplug and power off as much as you can with your devices not in use. Plug them into power strips and timers instead.